Popular Name: Silver Embaúva, embaúva black, white embaúba, embaúva white.
Scientific name: Cecropia hololeuca
Package Weight: 250 Grams
Dispersion Syndrome: zoochorous
Botany Synony: Cecropia Snethl candida.
Ecological Group: Pioneer
Rating succession: Pioneer
Threat of Extinction: Near Threatened
Timing resolution as SMA 08 - State of São Paulo: Forest Semideciduous - Center, Rain Forest - South East
Source: Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo
Places of Occurrence: Northeast, Southeast
Where to Plant: Squares, parks and gardens.
Planting Soil: Wetlands
Porte Tree: From 5 to 10 meters, 10 to 15 meters
Utilities: boxes, Fruit trees for birds, Ornamental Use
Wood: Lightweight (density 0.43 g / cm ³), soft, low strength and low durability.
Stem: Stem 20-30 cm in diameter, coated fibrous bark, thin, striated and reticulated with rhytidome.
Foliage: Leaves alternate spiral, simple, peltate, concentrated at the apex of the branches, stipulated in the apical region, palmatipartidas, 6-10 deep-lobed, with indumentum flaky on both sides but more visible on the abaxial and the new leaves, leathery, of 50-60 cm diameter, with lobes of 20-35 cm long.
Flower: Flowers not showy, fragrant, arranged in spikes.
Fruit: Fruit dry, brown, 1 mm long, clustered in spikes and endowed with 1 seed.
Edible Fruit: No
Potential Landscape: The tree is one of the most beautiful of our flora, lending countenance to the characteristic feature of the forests that contain because of its silvery foliage that stands in the middle of the green. This same look can be given to landscaping, where he finds wide application.
Phenology: Flowering over a season, but with greater intensity in October-January. The fruits ripen in July-November.
Average Time of Emergency: 30 Days
Seeds per Kilo: 900000
Seeds per pack: 225000
Seeds by Cova: 3
Collecting Month: November
Longevity and Storage: Seeds with high longevity natural part of soil seed bank.
Harvest: Harvest the fruit directly from the tree when they are ripe, which is easily noticed by the presence of damage by birds. Then leave them stacked in plastic bags for a few days to start the decomposition and facilitate their soaking water. The seeds are surrounded by a halo which mucilaginous coats, which must be removed by washing and drying in the sun. The seeds are separated by filtering the suspension fruit and leaving the filtrate to dry in the sun.
Break Dormancy: Seeds of imbaúba-silver seedcoat dormancy feature. In nature, the seeds of silver-embaúba are ingested by birds, and their germination increased thanks to the action of your digestive juices. Not yet certain treatments to overcome seed dormancy.
How to Plant: Place the seeds to germinate as soon as harvested in semi-shaded plots containing clay substratum. As these are small seeds, cover them lightly with just the substrate sifted. The germination is low. Plant development in the field is fast.